Pregnant women are often subject to discrimination in the workplace. It may take many forms – restriction, exclusion, distinction or preference based on pregnancy. It can also happen at any aspect of employment – from hiring to firing, payment, promotions, job assignments, training, and benefits.
According to the website of Cary Kane, LLP, discrimination at work based on pregnancy is prohibited by law as what is clearly stated in the federal Pregnancy Discrimination Act (PDA). PDA indicates that pregnant women shall be treated in the same way as other employees with similar ability (and inability) to perform tasks.
Harassment against pregnant women at work can be carried out in many different forms. It can be direct, indirect, or systemic:
Direct discrimination happens when an employer, contractor, or a fellow employee makes an overt and direct remark against a pregnant woman, or deliberately treats a woman differently because she is pregnant or has been pregnant before. This makes the working environment hostile for the pregnant woman involved, making her feel harassed. For instance, operations managers who do not allow breastfeeding mothers to breastfeed their child inside the company premises could be at fault for discrimination.
Indirect discrimination based on pregnancy occurs when there is a practice or rule applied to everyone else but has much worse effect to pregnant women than to others. However, there could be no indirect discrimination if the rules or policies in question are reasonable enough to reach business goals, and that providing accommodation for the pregnant woman would practically be impossible or irrational.
When discrimination is intricately rooted into a company’s set of policies, culture, and practices, the problem could be systemic. Systemic discrimination occurs as either direct or indirect, and creates a profoundly limiting environment for pregnant women. A company whose rule on promotion requires employees not to file leaves of more than 60 days in order to be eligible could be an example of systemic discrimination.
Brake failures and tire blowouts are two of the most common incidents you can see in most U.S. roads. These defects, however, have also been associated with a majority of debilitating, sometimes even fatal road accidents. A single major car incident can instantly turn your life upside down. So, to avoid the possibility of getting into an accident, you have to check first your brakes and your tires before hitting the road.
However, some brake failures and tire blowouts happen even if you have been religiously checking all your car components before getting behind the wheel. Because we understand that some brake and tire malfunctions are inevitable, it is important that you know how to deal with the situation once it happens.
What to do during a brake failure
Some car accidents happen due to defectively manufactured brake components. If your car has been installed with defective brakes and you suddenly felt that they are not working as they should while you are driving, remember these tips:
- Lay off the gas pedal and press the brake firmly. If you are driving a car equipped with antilock brake system (ABS), pumping your brake may cause you to accelerate more, so remember to press steadily.
- Do not slam on your handbrake. It can make your car tailspin.
- Steer calmly and firmly to the shoulder as the car decelerates
- Once the vehicle stopped, do not attempt to drive it again. Call for help.
What to do during a tire blowout
Tire defects are not the only cause of tire blowouts. The website of Williams Kherkher considers highway defects among the most common causes of tire blowouts in the country. If you will ever suffer a failed tire while at speed, here are the things that you should remember to halt safely:
- You have to know first what it feels like to have a blown-out tire. You may hear a whooshing sound or a loud boom coming from either side of your vehicle. Then the car will start to slow down and will veer strongly towards the left or the right.
- DO NOT press your brake pedal, especially if it is not equipped with ABS. Doing so would make your car spin uncontrollably and tip over
- Allow your car to slow down while firmly holding the steering wheel
- Steer safely into the shoulder, do not forget to activate your emergency flashers
- After you pull on the side of the road, replace your tire or ask for help
You might be eating right, getting enough amount of sleep, and washing your face regularly. However pimples continue to appear out of nowhere. Acne breakouts could be so frustrating that trying out any anti-acne regimen could be so alluring, even if it has not been backed by science. Unfortunately, facial treatment based on hearsays may do no good, and may even cause skin damage.
Here are the most popular DIY acne treatments that have not been proven to treat acne (and may sometimes even result in more acne):
You might have heard about people who directly apply rubbing alcohol to their zits in order to dry them. While rubbing alcohol is a potent antiseptic and can kill bacteria in the face, applying it on your skin may cause dryness and irritation, which could trigger acne. You must note that dirt is not the only cause of acne. Acne can be formed when there is an overproduction of sebum caused by skin dryness. So, the more you dry your skin with alcohol, the more it will produce acne-causing oil.
Coconut oil contains substances that can fight against acne-causing infection. It is also well-known to hydrate your skin and reduce redness and irritation. While coconut oil can work for some skin types, you should be aware that it can be too greasy that it may clog your pores. When your pores are clogged, they may collect sebum, dead skin and other toxins that could result in pimple. It is important that before trying ultra-greasy organic products such as coconut oil, consult your dermatologist first.
Many believe that toothpaste can effectively dry out pimples, making it the top choice of many when it comes to acne home treatment. However, toothpaste may lead to further redness and irritation, and may sometimes even result in burning when overly applied. The myth probably came from the idea that because toothpaste contains ingredients that are known to dry out zits – triclosan, hydrogen peroxide and baking soda, it could be a perfect home remedy for acne.